Districts of the Havanan
Districts of the Havanan
There are five areas in Havana where tourists usually stay:
Old Havana, Havana Center, Vedado, Nuevo Vedado and Miramar
Old Havana is the area where we can find the greatest Spanish colonial influence. In it we can see many buildings of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Among its squares include the Plaza de Armas, Plaza Vieja, Plaza de la Catedral and Plaza de San Francisco.
And we can not forget the Obispo street, where you can enjoy, in its many restaurants and live music bars while you drink a mojito, a daiquiri or a piña colada among others, or enjoy such emblematic places as Floridita or the Bodeguita del Medio.
Many of its colonial houses conform to typical Spanish architecture: large wooden doors, single-storey houses with an open central courtyard. An example of this architecture would be the restaurant La Mina in the Plaza de Armas or the Patio in the Plaza de la Catedral.
In 1994, the Habaguanex State Agency was created, a non-profit-making company.
Many state restaurants and services related to Old Havana belong to this agency that are in charge of generating foreign currency through tourism and reinvesting them in the conservation and restoration of community projects.
Havana Center, in its day, was the most elegant part of Havana and its main streets were San Rafael and Neptuno, which were the most commercial streets of Havana.
Old Havana and Havana Center are divided by Paseo del Prado. A long walk that starts at the boardwalk and ends at the Capitol.
This boulevard competed in time with the boulevards of European cities such as Madrid or Paris.
Havana Center is not as popular as Old Havana or possesses its heritage, so that not so many resources are allocated for its conservation.
Many buildings are in a very sorry state of conservation and their inhabitants suffer frequent power cuts, some houses live if water.
That does not mean that this area has its charm and, although to a lesser extent, it also has very attractive monuments and areas to visit such as the Capitol, the Chinatown, the Boulevard San Rafael or the Hamel’s alley.
Vedado happens to be one of the modern neighborhoods of Havana. It was built when the American influence was in full swing on the island.
Its greatest splendor took place in the 1920s and 1930s.
Given the proximity of the island to its shores, they flocked to Ferry from Miami. Here you could consume alcohol while in the United States the dry law was applied.
In Batista’s time, the American mafia invested large amounts of money in Vedado, exploiting the tourist industry based on alcohol, gambling and prostitution.
The influence of the mafia was associated with hotels such as the Capri, the Hotel Nacional or the Riviera.
During this period, some of the most emblematic buildings in the area were built, such as the University of Havana or the Hotel Nacional.
Other areas to visit would be the famous Rampa de la Havana, near which are the Hotel Habana Libre or the famous Coppelia ice cream shop.
In the residential area of Miramar you can see the American influence. It was designed like the American garden cities.
The white millionaires who lived in this neighborhood were the first to leave Cuba after the triumph of the Revolution.
In this area most of the embassies and the most modern hotels in Havana are concentrated.
Here we can find many zones at which foreign workers lodge, and many services have developed to satisfy his needs, such as, 2 hospitals deprived for foreigners, international schools and a great supermarket on the corner of 70 with 3 ª.
Here we can find a model of the Havana to scale 1:1000 that still is not complete and that occupies more than 1.500 square feet. This model you can see her in the Center for the Integral Development of the City.
When a new building is going to be constructed, first it is inserted in the model to see the impact that is going to have.